Espaces et échanges / Spaces and exchanges : Le choc des cultures - Anglais - Terminale ES

Espaces et échanges / Spaces and exchanges : Le choc des cultures - Anglais - Terminale ES

Consultez gratuitement cette fiche d'Anglais sur la notion "Espaces et échanges" (Spaces and Exchanges) consacrée au choc des cultures. Ce document vous sera utile pour l'oral d'anglais au Bac ES.

Cette fiche est composée de 3 parties : vous verrez tout d'abord la définition et les conséquences du choc des cultures, puis vous étudierez l'émergence du choc des cultures dans le monde. Enfin, vous vous intéresserez aux 4 phases d'un choc des cultures.

Téléchargez gratuitement ci-dessous cette fiche d'anglais sur la notion "Espaces et échanges", et plus particulièrement sur le choc des cultures !

Espaces et échanges / Spaces and exchanges : Le choc des cultures - Anglais - Terminale ES

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CULTURE SHOCK: DEFINITION AND CONSEQUENCES

Culture shock is a phenomenon based on the feeling someone is expressing when he’s leaving a familiar place toward an unknown one. The social environment he knew faces some changes and he could also see the emergence of a new culture linked with different traditions. 

There are many phases during the culture shock, relying on how deep the contrast is between the place that one is leaving for somewhere he is going to.

To what extent culture shock could be at the same time a good experience for your mind, but is also a long and hard process to integrate? 


THE EMERGENCE OF THE CULTURE SHOCK IN OUR WORLD

WHO IS AFFECTED BY THE CULTURE SHOCK?

With Globalization and the appearance of new technologies like communications (Internet, social networks), individuals are willing to travel more than before.

Every individual living on Earth can one day face that culture shock and some are more prepared than others. Then, it depends on the way they measured it.

From one student who decided to went on a gap year in a foreign country.

To Natives living in Amazonia who are using technologies and devices for the first time of their life.

Everyone is concerned.


What are the effects on newcomers?

→ The language barrier is the first major problem an individual usually faces during the culture shock. 

Even if English is the most universal language used in the world, around 6,000 languages exist and it doesn’t seem easy to understand one when you’ve just landed on a foreign country. It takes time to learn them

For instance, it is possible to feel lost and a bit afraid when we don’t understand the local language. It is necessar


Different phases of the culture shock

A four step evolution

→ Step 1: The Honeymoon phase

Excitement and euphoric atmosphere. Depending on your character, the duration is changing (around few weeks). 

We appreciate the place we are discovering. In this situation, we are more convenient to take decisions without any form of stress because we feel that we are in a good mood in a healthy environment.


→ Step 2: The negotiation phase

After the short Honeymoon phase period, we can observe some drastic changes that affect our mood. 

It can be about the local communities’ attitude or about the food. 

There is no longer euphoria and excitement. We are missing our home because we think that there was something more, regrets are coming up to surface. 

The main feelings here are frustration, sadness and we can be anxious.


→ Step 3: The adjustment phase

Positive points are coming back and we took time to impregnate new changes (almost a year). The culture shock effect has no longer much impact on you and the place where you moved become now a familiar one.

The main feelings during this phase is a positive attitude and the will to be more curious and more open-minded.


→ Step 4: The adaptation phase

No barriers exist between you and the new culture you are facing. The adaption phase only requires time but we still have some pieces of our old culture such as the language, the accent and may be the habits. 


The Reverse Culture Shock

It is possible when you come back to your home, that we face the reverse culture shock. Indeed, it may be strange for our family and friends, but in a positive way, it will be shorter and easier to reintegrate and accustomed again to our home culture. Some psychological effects might happen but it’s inevitable. 


Benefits from the Culture Shock

A well of knowledge (language, courtesy, traditions, cultural events)

Shape your mind when you have to face periods of sadness, loneliness, away from your family and friends. 

You’ll become tougher and your character will start showing up alongside your vulnerabilities.

Developing your knowledge network if you stay in touch with local people through technologies (Skype, web, social networks).


DRAWBACKS OF THE CULTURE SHOCK

It seems impossible for some people be part of their new foreign culture. They keep facing difficulties to accept it and they make no efforts to integrate. Isolation and rejection can describe their attitude, they wish they can come back home where they have their prints, their landmarks.

It can also generate some stress in your own family as they know that you are not really well and that because you are far they can’t do anything. They are distraught, and willing to do something but they can’t.

You can also be seen as a problem by people in the country, somebody who doesn’t make any effort to integrate. You can feel racism.

Fin de l'extrait

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